From the investors’ perspective, startups mean high risk and low liquidity. As a result, startup valuation is quite a challenge.
In the previous article, I focused on asset measurement at fair value in the times of economic recession, uncertain future of companies and limited information exchange in the context of IFRS 13 assumptions. What about the measurement of assets to which IFRS 13 does not apply? Contrary to what you may think, there are quite a few of them.
On 13 July 2018, the Act of 1 March 2018 on Countering Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing (Journal of Laws of 2018, item. 723, hereinafter referred to as “the Act”) entered into force in Poland. The goal behind this regulation was the complete and correct transposition of Directive (EU) 2015/849 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 May 2015 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing. Certain provisions of the Act entered into force only after 18 months from the date of its announcement, i.e. 13 October 2019, and materially affected the operation of many businesses.
We have recently written a lot about financial instruments: their definition, classification, measurement, impairment, etc. Since all this remains relevant and topical, we will soon be publishing a Q&A with the most frequently asked questions and explain the different aspects of financial instruments that keep baffling our readers.
Today, however, partly due to functioning in a state of epidemic and partly because I want to continue with the topic of impairment of assets (receivables), I decided to focus on the measurement of balance sheet items at fair value.
We discussed tax residency in the first article on employee relocation. Now it is time to have a look at another important aspect: the method of taxation of paid work according to international agreements. These agreements are aimed at preventing double taxation of the same income, i.e. ensuring, among others, that the income from work performed abroad will not be taxed in two countries (i.e. in the source country and the country of residence).